6 Essential Basic Skills in Volleyball: Victory Starts Here

by | Jul 26, 2023 | Volleyball Questions, Advice & Skills

Volleyball is a highly competitive and exciting sport that requires a combination of a variety of skills, techniques, and teamwork.

To excel in the game, players must possess a solid foundation of basic skills. This article will provide an introduction to the essential basic skills in volleyball that every player should master to achieve victory on the court.

The basic skills in volleyball can be categorized into serving, setting, hitting, blocking, digging, and passing techniques.

Each of these skills plays a crucial role in the game and contributes to a team’s success.

In serving, players have two main techniques to choose from: the overhand serve and the underhand serve. Both techniques require precision and control to deliver the ball accurately to the opponent’s court.

Setting techniques involve setting the ball for a teammate to attack. The overhead set and bump set are two commonly used techniques to provide an accurate and consistent ball placement for the hitters.

Hitting techniques are used to deliver powerful attacks. The spike is a forceful downward strike, while the tip is a softer, finesse attack that aims to deceive the opposing team.

Blocking techniques are essential for defending against the opponent’s attacks. The single-block and double-block techniques involve positioning the hands and body to deflect or block the ball at the net.

Digging techniques are used to receive and defend against powerful spikes from the opposing team. It requires quick reflexes, precision, and controlled movements to prevent the ball from hitting the ground.

Passing techniques are crucial for maintaining control and accuracy in ball movement. Proper passing techniques ensure that the ball is efficiently transferred from the receiver to the setter, setting up the offense for an attack.

By mastering these essential basic skills, volleyball players can enhance their performance, contribute to their team’s success, and ultimately achieve victory on the court. 

In the following sections, we will delve deeper into each skill, providing techniques, tips, and strategies to help players improve their abilities and take their game to the next level.

Busy? Quick Takeaways:

  • Mastering the basic skills in volleyball is essential for achieving victory. These skills are the foundation of successful performance in the sport.
  • Serving techniques are crucial in volleyball. Overhand serves and underhand serves are two commonly used techniques that players need to learn and perfect.
  • Setting techniques play a vital role in setting up successful attacks. Overhead sets and bump sets are key skills that enable players to deliver accurate passes to their teammates.
  • Hitting techniques, such as spiking and tipping, are important offensive skills that allow players to score points by effectively attacking the ball toward the opponent’s side of the court.
  • Blocking techniques are essential for defending against offensive plays. Single blocks and double blocks are fundamental skills used to stop the opponents’ attacks and create defensive advantages.
  • Digging techniques are crucial for receiving and defending against powerful hits. Mastering these skills enables players to keep the ball in play and prevent it from hitting the ground.
  • Passing techniques are fundamental for maintaining ball control and facilitating effective team play. Developing strong passing skills ensures smooth transitions and increases the chances of successful attacks.

Serving Techniques

Overhand or underhand? The serving techniques explored in this section will set the stage for victory in volleyball. From the power-packed precision of the overhand serve to the controlled finesse of the underhand serve, we’ll dive into the techniques that can make all the difference in a match.

So grab your volleyball because we’re about to serve up some game-changing skills!

Overhand Serve

An overhand serve in volleyball is a technique to start a rally. Here are the steps to execute an effective overhand serve:

  1. Position yourself behind the service line with feet shoulder-width apart.
  2. Hold the volleyball with your non-dominant hand slightly above your waist.
  3. Extend your dominant hand above your head, with the elbow slightly bent.
  4. Grip the volleyball firmly with your dominant hand, using fingertips and palm.
  5. Shift your weight onto the back foot and take a small step forward with the front foot.
  6. As you transfer your weight forward, swing your dominant arm forward and contact the bottom half of the volleyball.
  7. Snap your wrist on contact to generate topspin and control the direction of the overhand serve.
  8. Follow through with your swing, extending your arm fully and pointing it in the desired ball direction.
  9. Keep your eyes focused on the volleyball throughout the entire serving motion.

By following these steps, you can consistently perform an accurate and powerful overhand serve, helping your team gain an advantage in the game.

Underhand Serve

The underhand serve, which is easier to learn compared to the overhand serve, is a fundamental skill in volleyball that can be perfected through practice.

When executing the underhand serve, it is important to keep in mind the following key points:

1. Begin in the correct stance: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and your knees slightly bent.

2. Securely grasp the ball: firmly grip the ball with the fingers of your non-dominant hand.

3. Execute a backswing motion: Swing your dominant hand backward while maintaining a 90-degree bend in your elbow.

4. Make contact with the ball: Swing your arm forward and connect with the lower half of the ball using the base of your hand.

5. Follow through after making contact: Extend your arm fully in the desired direction of the ball.

Remember that the underhand serve is often utilized in beginner or recreational volleyball games.

Setting techniques: Where passing the ball becomes an art, turning amateurs into human statues.

Setting Techniques

Want to improve your game in volleyball? Look no further than the setting techniques. In this section, we will uncover the secrets behind the overhead set and the bump set.

Get ready to elevate your performance on the court as we explore the valuable skills and strategies required for executing these essential techniques.

Let’s dive in and discover how to take your volleyball game to new heights with precision and finesse.

Overhead Set

The overhead set is a crucial skill in volleyball, used to set up teammates for an attack. The overhead set involves several key points that should be considered for successful execution.

When performing the overhead set, position yourself with feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent.

Extend your arms above your head with your palms facing upward and fingers spread apart. Keep your eyes focused on the ball as it approaches. Use your wrists to absorb the impact of the ball and create a soft touch.

Extend your arms and flick your wrists to propel the ball toward the desired target. To ensure accuracy, use your fingertips to guide the ball to the intended location—practice timing and coordination to set the ball at the right height and distance for your teammates. Communication with your teammates is essential to establish plays and anticipate their movements.

Develop consistency by repeating the overhead set motion and adjusting to different game situations. By mastering the overhead set, you can contribute to your team’s offensive success and create scoring opportunities.

Bump Set

The bump set, also known as the volley, is an essential technique in volleyball. It is a skill that allows players to accurately set the ball for an attack, giving their team a better chance at scoring points. When executing a bump set, there are several important points to consider.

Firstly, body position is crucial. It is important to stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and your knees slightly bent. Your body should be facing the target, ensuring that you are ready to execute the bump set effectively.

Secondly, contact with the ball is key. To perform a proper bump set, use your forearms to make contact with the ball. Extend your arms straight ahead and bring them together, creating a flat platform. This will provide a solid foundation for the ball to be set accurately.

Controlling the angle of your forearms is another important factor. By adjusting the angle, you can direct the trajectory of the set. For a higher set, use a slightly upward angle. This will enable your teammates to better attack the ball and score points.

Timing is also crucial when executing a bump set. It is important to anticipate the flight of the ball and position yourself in the right place to execute the set. Keeping your eyes on the ball and coordinating with your teammates will ensure that the bump set is executed successfully.

Consistency is key in any skill, and bump setting is no exception. Regular practice is necessary to develop consistent and accurate bump sets. This will help your teammates anticipate and adjust effectively, resulting in better-attacking opportunities.

Mastering the bump set will make you a valuable asset to your team’s offense. By creating better attacking opportunities, you contribute to the team’s overall success. Practice regularly and strive for consistent improvement to become a skilled bump setter.

Basic Skills in Volleyball

Hitting Techniques

Mastering the art of hitting techniques is a game-changer in volleyball. In this section, we’ll unleash the power of spikes and impart the finesse of tips. Get ready to discover the secrets behind these dynamic moves that can turn the tide in any match. Whether you’re looking to intimidate opponents with powerful spikes or finesse your way to victory with well-placed tips, this section will equip you with the essential skills needed to dominate the court.


The spike is an essential skill in the sport of volleyball. It involves several key points that should be considered.

One important aspect is the take-off, where you need to explode off the ground quickly in order to gain height and momentum.

Another aspect is the approach, which can be done with a 3-step or 4-step technique to maximize speed and power.

Timing is crucial in the spike, as you need to coordinate your approach with the setter’s set in order to reach the highest point of your jump.

When performing the spike, you should extend your hitting arm back and forcefully swing it forward, making sure to snap your wrist at contact.

Aiming for clean contact is important, so you should use the heel of your hand, slightly above your shoulder, and hit the top half of the ball.

Additionally, you should choose your target carefully and hit the ball downwards and towards open areas of the opposing team’s court.

To add power and speed to your spike, generate power through your approach and arm swing.

With practice and coordination with your team, you can master the spike technique and greatly contribute to your team’s success.


When executing a tip in volleyball, the player utilizes a quick touch with the fingertips to redirect the ball over the net.

The tip is an effective offensive strategy when the opposing team is not expecting it.

It requires precision and accuracy to strategically place the ball where the defense is not positioned.

A well-executed tip can catch the opponent off guard and lead to a point for the attacking team.

To successfully perform a tip, the player should lightly touch the ball to control the direction and speed.

Keeping the tip low prevents the defense from reacting.

Timing is crucial, as the player must anticipate the right moment to make the tip.

It can be useful when facing a strong block or when the setter has positioned the ball favorably.

Blocking Techniques

Mastering the art of blocking techniques can be a game-changer in volleyball. From the solid defense of a single block to the strategic power of a double block, this section uncovers the secrets behind these techniques.

Get ready to dive into the world of perfect timing, teamwork, and anticipation as we explore the thrilling world of blocking in volleyball. It’s time to elevate your game and unleash your full potential at the net.

Single Block

A table on “Single Block“:

Single BlockDescription
DefinitionA defensive technique used in volleyball to block an opponent’s attack at the net with one player.
ExecutionThe player positions close to the net, ready to jump and extend their hands upwards to block the ball. Timing is crucial to intercept the opponent’s spike.
EffectivenessA single block can be effective in situations where the attacker is not a strong spiker or when the blockers have anticipated the attack direction well.
ResponsibilitiesThe player executing the single block must communicate with teammates to ensure coordination and block formation integrity.
AdvantagesA single block allows the defending team to have more defensive players in the backcourt, increasing their chances of digging or receiving the ball after the block.
DisadvantagesIf the attacker is a powerful spiker or the block timing is not precise, the single blocker may struggle to effectively stop the attack and may require additional defensive efforts from teammates.

Double Block

To execute a double block in volleyball, players must work together and position themselves strategically at the net. This technique involves two players jumping simultaneously to block an opponent’s attack.

When executing a double block, both players communicate and coordinate their movements to effectively cover the intended area. The player closest to the opponent’s hitter should position themselves slightly in front of the other player to prevent the ball from going through.

The table below illustrates the components of a successful double block:

  • Positioning: Both players stand side by side at the net
  • Timing: Players jump simultaneously to block the attack
  • Penetration: Arms and hands extend over the net to block
  • Communication: Constant communication to ensure coordination
  • Control: Aim to block the ball back into the opponent’s court

By implementing a strong double block, teams can disrupt the opponent’s attack and increase their chances of winning rallies. Players should practice this technique to develop the coordination, timing, and communication skills required for a successful double block.

Basic Skills in Volleyball

Digging Techniques

When it comes to digging techniques in volleyball, players should master several essential skills. Here are the key techniques:

  • Maintain a low, athletic stance with bent knees and balanced weight on the balls of your feet for proper body positioning.
  • Read the hitter’s body language and analyze the ball’s trajectory to anticipate its landing spot for anticipation.
  • React swiftly and explosively to get into position and make the dig for quick reaction time.
  • Lock your forearms together to form a solid platform, ensuring a flat contact surface for platform control.
  • Keep your hands relaxed and wrists firm, pointing them towards the target area for correct hand placement.
  • Shuffle your feet to adjust your position and move laterally or forward/backward as needed for active footwork.
  • Extend your arms towards the target area after making the dig, ensuring a controlled and accurate pass for follow-through.

Improving your digging techniques greatly contributes to your defensive skills in volleyball. Remember to regularly practice these techniques and focus on agility, reaction time, and coordination to enhance your overall performance on the court.

Passing Techniques

Passing Techniques are essential in volleyball for ball control and setting up attacks.

To enhance passing skills, follow these key techniques:

  • Platform: Create a solid platform with your forearms by placing them together, parallel to the ground. This controls the ball’s direction and reduces bouncing.
  • Body Position: Maintain a balanced and athletic stance with slightly bent knees. Face the target and position yourself to anticipate the ball’s trajectory.
  • Footwork: Move your feet quickly to adjust and align with the ball’s path. Use small, controlled steps for balance and flexibility.
  • Contact Point: Contact the ball in front of your body using the center of your forearm. Aim for the ball’s midline for a clean and accurate pass.
  • Timing: Read the ball’s speed and height early to position yourself correctly. Anticipate its arrival and time your movement to meet it at the ideal point.
  • Weight Transfer: Shift your weight from your back foot to your front foot as you make contact with the ball. This provides stability and power to the pass.
  • Follow-through: Complete the pass by extending your arms and directing the ball toward the target. This ensures accuracy and control.

By mastering these passing techniques, you can improve your ability to receive and distribute the ball effectively, contributing to your team’s success in volleyball.

Can You Block the Serve in Volleyball?: To Block or Not to Block

Serving Final Point…

Victory starts here, and it starts with you. Lace up your shoes, step onto the court and let your volleyball journey begin.

Playing volleyball is about mastering these 6 essential skills and practicing with full love for the sport. With persistence, dedication, and passion, you’ll see your skills grow and your confidence on the court soar.

It may seem challenging at first, but remember, every volleyball champion started where you are now – at the beginning. Embrace the challenge, love the game, and let your journey to victory begin.

Five well-known facts about Basic Skills in Volleyball

  • Developing basic volleyball skills is crucial for success in the sport.
  • The best teams are highly skilled and confident.
  • The six basic volleyball skills are passing, setting, spiking, blocking, digging, and serving.
  • The setter position is considered the most important in volleyball.
  • The more developed a player’s individual skills, the more success the team will have.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the seven basic skills in volleyball?

The seven basic skills in volleyball are forearm passing (or bumping), volleying, setting, digging, attacking, blocking, and serving.

2. How does forearm passing contribute to the game?

Forearm passing involves redirecting the ball to a teammate using the forearms. It helps maintain ball control and initiate offensive plays.

3. What is the role of setting in volleyball?

The setting is a specialized type of volley that aims to set up a teammate for an attack. It allows for strategic offensive plays and assists in scoring points.

4. How does attacking impact the game?

Attacking involves hitting or spiking the ball with a one-armed overhead swinging motion. It is a powerful offensive move that aims to score points for the team.

5. What is the significance of blocking in volleyball?

Blocking is a defensive play where a player jumps at the net to block the opponent’s hit. It helps disrupt the opposing team’s attacks and provides a defensive advantage.

6. How does serving contribute to the game?

Good serve is the act of putting the ball into play by hitting it over the net. It is crucial for initiating each rally and creating challenges for the receiving team.